bahya pranayama

Hold your breath whereas doing Three bandhas, bahya pranayama. Image supply: Shutterstock

Bahya Pranayama is a conventional respiratory strategy of yoga. As the title suggests, Bahya (in Sanskrit) is known as "external," and Pranayama (which we now have already mentioned right here) is all concerning the recreation of our respiratory.

In Bahya Pranayama we emphasize this by numerous apply strategies Exhalation (outer) half of the respiratory course of and after absolutely exhaling, ultimately holding out the breath for an extended time frame. Exhaling is a part of it Kumbhaka additionally referred to as Bahir Pranayama.

In addition to exhaling, Bahya Pranayama incorporates numerous bandhas to extend the effectivity of the lungs and to stimulate the perform of the respective organ system.

Including bandhas primarily on this pranayama improves that Elimination course of, digestion and therapeutic of unbalanced thyroid-related issues.

Bahya Pranayama and Kumbhaka

Kumbhaka (that means cessation of breath) is a time period used within the Hatha Yoga apply of Pranayama.

Bahya Pranayama is a part of one in all three Kumbhakas;

  • Antara Kumbhaka
  • Bahya Kumbhaka
  • Kevala Kumbhaka

Anatara Kumbhaka means respiratory failure Within. With this respiratory we breathe in deeply and deeply as we develop our chest after which maintain that breath by holding on to the neck (Jalandhar Bandha).
An instance of this respiratory is Murcha Pranayama.

Bahya Kumbhaka is the alternative of above. It is much like Bahya Pranayama on this course of; H. Breathe out absolutely, maintain your breath, then use Three extra bandhas to create a sense of vacancy within the physique.

Kevala Kumbhaka is a delicate respiratory train utilized in meditation. In easy phrases, it’s the transition part between inhaling and exhaling; H. When we neither inhale nor exhale. To keep this respiratory part, one should first grasp over two.

Kevala Kumbhaka could be very efficient for calming the chatter of the thoughts earlier than meditation and is subsequently referred to as pure pranayama.

Precautions and Contraindications

  • Make positive your Bowels are empty earlier than performing Bahya Pranayama and it ought to solely be practiced after Three hours of a meal.
  • Before doing Bahya Pranayama, first put together your lungs for it by doing a little speedy exterior respiratory like Kapalbhati Pranayama or Bhastrika Pranayama.
  • Don't apply bahya pranayama when you’ve it hypertension or a affected person of Heart illness and cervical colitis ought to chorus from bandhas on this pranayama.
  • Women throughout being pregnant and menstrual cycle must also chorus from doing this pranayama because it creates stress across the uterus and belly area.


  1. Get right into a sitting cross-legged place (ideally sukhasana or padmasana), straighten your backbone, roll your shoulders again, palms resting in your knees, and loosen up your whole physique.
  2. Start with breath consciousness for Three to Four rounds. Inhale and exhale slowly, observing your physique actions with delicate respiratory.
  3. Begin Bahya Pranayama by inhaling briefly after which exhaling with twice the stress in comparison with inhaling.
  4. After absolutely exhaling, maintain your breath and focus your consideration on Three bandhas.
    • While holding the breath out, contract your anus muscle groups and pull them up – it's Mula Bandha (Root Lock)
    • When you pull the anus muscle groups upwards, an area is created in your belly area. The belly muscle groups contracted inward and have been referred to as the Uddiyana Bandha.
    • Lastly, deliver your chin in direction of your chest to keep away from attainable leakage of prana (within the type of a breath) – it’s referred to as a jalandhar bandha (throat lock).
  5. Hold these Three physique locks (collectively referred to as Maha Bandha) together with breath retention for a minimum of 5 seconds. It is that first spherical of Bahya Pranayama.
  6. After finishing the primary spherical, loosen the neck lock, then the belly lock, and eventually the foundation lock, separately. Typically breathe for a number of seconds, then repeat the method.

Perform in a single session 6 to eight rounds of Bahya Pranayama. As you apply steadily, enhance breath retention time with physique locks.

Agnisar Kriya in Bahya PranayamaWhirling abs in Agnisar Kirya. Image supply: Shutterstock

Advanced practitioners can incorporate the apply of Agnisar Kriya together with Bahya Pranayama. To do that, on the finish of step 4, loosen your abs and twist them across the central belly muscle groups. It is taken into account very efficient in stimulating the digestive fireplace.

Time to carry out and respiratory ratio

The splendid ratio of inhaling Bahya Pranayama is 1: 2: 3 i.e. if the inhalation is 1 second, the exhalation must be 2 seconds and eventually the breath must be held for Three seconds. When the inhalation is doubled or tripled, the exhalation and breath retention are additionally doubled or tripled.

Since Bahya Pranayama is taken into account greatest to apply on an empty abdomen, it’s endorsed to take action within the early morning. Second, for those who're contemplating practising it within the night, don't take something heavy for a minimum of Three hours after practising.

Start your exercise with simply 5 rounds within the morning and three within the night.

Anatomical results

Bahya Pranayama is handiest for the belly muscle groups. Part of this pranayama is to push the realm up from the stomach after exhaling the breath. This creates a vacuum within the abdomen as there isn’t any longer any air left inside. It permits blood within the physique to fill the house that was empty as a consequence of exhalation and retention of breath. So the blood pooled close to the intestinal space and is thus an efficient pranayama for a lot of belly illnesses.

It works on reproductive components as properly. Bahya Pranayama cures issues associated to urine and sperm. After exhaling, holding your breath is the method of cleansing.

Bahya Pranayama advantages

  1. Bahya Pranayama is useful in Kundalini awakening. When the Kundalini awakens, many psychological and bodily forces come up. Your thoughts turns into calm and it prepares the thoughts for meditation.
  2. When we intend to empty the lungs by absolutely exhaling in Bahya Pranayama, the lungs are literally being purified and saves plenty of power dissipate from exterior.
  3. The Kundalini awakening offers sensations to the mind and this helps the mind to concentrate on the present second. Focus on the present second will increase focus and it too sharpens the reminiscence.
  4. Practicing this pranayama could be useful for diabetics. Bahya Pranayama lowers blood sugar ranges and aids in insulin secretion, which is efficient in treating diabetes.
  5. This pranayama consists of holding your breath, urgent your stomach to the extent of your navel, and locking it up so far as attainable. So this pranayama helps with that enhance the digestive system. When it will increase the flexibleness of the bowel This results in higher digestion.
  6. Breathing strategies are associated to the respiratory system. Therefore, this respiratory method helps with this enhance the airways. Pranayama includes deep respiratory, which acts as a cleanser for the respiratory glands and clears the blockages with every inhalation and exhalation.
  7. Bahya Pranayama works on the stomach. When we block our stomach, it heals many organs and on this approach the abdomen absorbs all the nourishment from meals. Hence, this pranayama helps to soak up all important dietary values.
  8. When we maintain our breath and get into the bandha place, there isn’t any supply of oxygen within the physique for that point. Therefore, all components of the physique that work individually from the mind now work collectively. In easy phrases, generally the mind and physique begin working in another way. This pranayama helps the mind and physique work in sync.


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