Hatha Yoga Pradipika: A Complete Overview

Hatha Yoga Pradipika is the oldest and most genuine textual content supply for Hatha Yoga teachings and philosophy. A yogi of the Nath sect, Swami Swatmarama, composed it across the 15th century AD. However, other than his personal expertise, Swatmarama referred to Vedas and the teachings of his nice gurus with a view to compile this guide. He made this clear within the opening verse: "I am only a tool of transmission for knowledge".

In truth, the textual content's title was initially Hathapradipika. Later, when it was deciphered by yogis, they added the time period "yoga" and so forth, numerous feedback that have been "published" with the identify Hatha Yoga Pradipika.

Meaning and content material of Hatha Yoga Pradipika

The textual content title Hathapradipika or "Hatha Yoga Pradipika" itself has an explanatory that means. Usually Pradipika is translated as "light" or "what lights". The title actually means "light on Hatha Yoga".

Sometimes Pradipika means "self-luminous". one thing that has its personal illuminating energy to light up darkness or ignorance. The method during which a Hatha yogi attains numerous powers and attains full yogic knowledge – all by his willpower and by drive (Hatha). It exhibits that all of us have this self-illuminating energy for all bodily, psychological and non secular issues. We can obtain something we would like by means of effort and powerful willpower (hatha). Therefore, Hathapradipika will also be translated as "enlighten yourself with violence".

The content material

It may be very fascinating to look at the sample and structure of the chapters within the guide. There are Four chapters in Hatha Yoga Pradipika, which cowl all of the practices, philosophies and directions of Hatha Yoga in 389 verses (Shlokas or Sutras).

  • Chapter 1 comprises 67 verses, together with 2 verses on Yama & Niyama (16th & 17th) and the remaining 50 verses on asanas.
  • Chapter 2 comprises 78 verses on Shatkarma & Pranayama.
  • Chapter Three comprises 130 verses, together with round 100 verses on Mudras & Bandhas and the remaining 30 verses on Kundalini.
  • Chapter Four is all about samadhi, together with the idea of Nadis and Ishvara (God), which comprises 114 verses.

When you see that the principle practices coated in Four chapters of Hatha Yoga Pradipika are 6; Asana, Shatkarma, Pranayama, Bandhas, Mudras and Samadhi. These 6 practices are often known as 6 limbs Hatha Yoga. In distinction to Patanjali's 8 Limbs Yoga, Hatha Yoga is called Six Limbs Yoga or Shadanga Yoga.

Hatha Yoga Pradipika chapter in a nutshell

Swami Swatmarama has organized the entire content material of Hatha Yoga in an order that’s simple to observe whether or not you’re a newbie or a complicated practitioner.

Here is the chapter-by-chapter abstract of Hatha Yoga Pradipika.

First Chapter – Asana

  • The first two verses are devoted to Lord Shiva and outline the true goal of Hatha Yoga solely as that of accomplishing Raja Yoga.
  • In verse 3, Swatmarama defines the rationale for placing the science of hatha yoga collectively on raja yoga.
  • The subsequent 5 verses inform the names of nice siddhas and masters of hatha yoga who got here earlier than Swatmarama. Matsyendranath, Goraknath, and so on.
  • Verses 9-16 outline pointers for Hatha Yoga seekers to follow yoga. What results in failure and success in yoga and what ethics should be adopted (Yama & Niyama).
  • Verses 17 to 54 are devoted to 15 asanas of Hatha Yoga.
    • Verses 17 & 18 cope with the introduction of asana
    • Verses 19 to 32 describe the primary 11 positions
    • Verses 33 and 34 talked about that Shiva taught 84 asanas, Four of that are crucial.
    • In verses 35 to 54 Four primary asanas of hatha yoga are outlined, i.e. Siddhasana, Padmasana, Simhasana and Bhadrasana
  • In verses 55-65 the subsequent practices to be adopted after asanas are talked about together with the kind of meals a yogi ought to eat and its behavioral qualities.
  • The first chapter ends with verse 67, which explains that "Hatha Yoga should be practiced until success in Raja Yoga is achieved".

Second Chapter – Shatkarma & Pranayama

  • Chapter 2 begins with an introduction and that means of nadi cleaning and pranayama within the first 6 verses
  • Verses 7 to 20 point out strategies of working towards pranayama, the illness with which it’s eradicated.
  • After pranayama, verses 21 to 41 cope with the 6 cleaning strategies often known as shatkarma.
    • First, Shatkarma Dhauti offers with the purification of the esophagus as outlined in verses 24 and 25
    • The second is Basti, outlined in verses 26-28. It consists of the strategy of cleaning the colon.
    • The third is neti, the cleaning of the nasal passages outlined in verses 29 and 30
    • Fourth, Trataka is outlined in verses 31 and 32
    • Fifth, Nauli Kriya is outlined in verses 33 and 34
    • Verses 35 to 41 cowl the strategy of Kapalbhati and Gaja Karani
  • Verses 42 to 77 discuss with kumbhakas that we follow as we speak as several types of pranayama. However, in Hatha Yoga Pradipika Eight particular Pranayamas are outlined.
  • Chapter 2 ends with verse 78, which defines the indicators of success in hatha yoga follow.

Third Chapter – Mudra & Bandha

  • Chapter Three begins with the idea of Tantra & Kundalini and Mudras, that are vital for awakening the Kundalini of the Goddess within the first 5 verses
  • In verses 6 to 9 the assorted mudras of Hatha Yoga are talked about along with Eight divine powers (Ashta Siddhi), which a seeker can get hold of by working towards mudras and bandhas. However, there are a complete of 10 mudras and bandhas are outlined in Hatha Yoga Pradipika.
  • The particular mudra is defined intimately within the subsequent consecutive verses.
    • Verses 19 to 25 outline Maha Bandha and Triveni (conjunction of Ida, Pingala and Sushumna Nadi).
    • Verses 26 to 31 outline Maha Vedha Mudra to make Prana the central nadi.
    • Verses 32-54 cowl all about Khechari Mudra and the way it helps in Kundalini awakening
    • Verses 55-77 cope with three bandhas, specifically the Uddiyana Bandha, Mula Bandha and Jalandhar Bandha
    • In verses 78 to 112 vital mudras for Kundalini arousal are defined. Viparita Karani, Vajroli, Sahajoli, Amaroli and Shakti Chalana.
  • Verses 112-130 clarify the small print of Kundalini and numerous methods of awakening it by combining the follow of pranayama, asanas and mudras.

Fourth Chapter – Samadhi

  • Chapter 4, first verse, begins with the introduction of nada, bindu, and kala as the very best state of bliss. In the subsequent verse, Swatmarama introduces samadhi.
  • Verses Three to Four give synonyms for the upper state of bliss, i.e. H. Raja Yoga, Samadhi, Unmani, Manonmani, Amaratwa, Laya, Tatwa, Sunya, Asunya, Parama, Pada, Amanasska and so on.
  • In verses 5 by means of 7, samadhi is outlined utilizing numerous analogies.
  • Verses Eight and 9 describe the significance of a guru in achieving samadhi.
  • Verses 10-17 outline the assorted refined indicators associated to the stream of prana when a yogi is about to realize samadhi.
  • Verses 18-21 clarify how the state of manomani (samadhi) is attained when prana flows by means of the middle of nadi sushumna.
  • Verses 22-25 illuminate the connection between breath and thoughts and the way yogi results in moksha (liberation) by means of management of the breath.
  • Verses 26-28 discuss how the preservation of bindu takes place when yogi management their breath.
  • Verses 29 to 33 are one of many Laya and Nada.
  • Verses 34 by means of 68 clarify numerous bindu upkeep mudras that forestall them from flowing down.
  • Verses 69 to 76 describe Four phases of yoga follow, during which the 4th edge borders on samadhi. These Four ranges are Arambha – the preliminary degree, Ghata – vessel – degree, Parichaya – recognized degree; Nishpatti – completion stage.
  • Verses 76 to 102 cope with Nada Yoga.
  • Verses 102 to 114 checklist numerous phenomena of a yogi within the state of samadhi.

The primary teachings of Hatha Yoga

Once you perceive the central message of Hatha Yoga Pradipika, you’ll be able to higher emulate its strategies and philosophy in your life.

The method during which numerous ideas have appeared within the textual content exhibits the next message:

  • Swami Swatmarama introduces the teachings of Hatha Yoga Pradipika as prefatory sadhana with a view to attain the very best purpose of Raja Yoga, i.e. H. To attain a state of liberation and obtain moksha.
  • To obtain Moksha, HYP works out a step-by-step course of of seven practices referred to as "Sapta Sadhanama". The 7 processes are; Purification (by means of Shatkarma), energy (by means of Asana), fidelity (by means of Mudra), calm (by means of Pratyahara), lightness (by means of Pranayama), appropriate notion (by means of Dhyana) and isolation (by means of Samadhi).
  • The primary purpose of Hatha Yoga is to steadiness the other energies. It balances the stream of prana in Ida and Pingala, which ends up in the opening of Sushumna Nadi. The awakening of Sushumna Nadi permits Kundalini to maneuver up into increased chakras.
  • In this course of, the physique is solely known as a bodily instrument that’s strengthened by means of Hatha Yoga asanas. In distinction to Patanjali Yoga, during which asanas are imagined to calm Rajas Guna, asanas in Hatha Yoga are dynamic in nature and have the principle goal of eradicating Tamas (indolence).
  • HYP explains some ultimate situations {that a} seeker should observe with a view to achieve hatha yoga. The textual content additionally comprises six causes that destroy the seeker's yoga follow.

Conclusion

In Hatha Yoga Pradipika emphasis is positioned on balancing the opposing flowing energies by means of highly effective postures. If the prana will not be flowing in sushumna, if the bindu will not be preserved, if the thoughts is influenced by exterior forces throughout meditation, then the particular person can’t be referred to as a hatha yogi. A family head or a married particular person can turn out to be a hatha yogi in the event that they be taught to self-discipline themselves by means of hatha yoga practices.

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